Even the ancient Romans liked to eat artichokes. And even today the thistle-like plant is very popular. So it's good to know how to grow and multiply it.Artichokes were already eaten in ancient Rome. Artichoke plants usually carry plenty. After three to five years, however, the plants are often out of date. For this reason, it is recommended that you regularly look after your offspring.
There are two ways to do this. You can divide the plant or take seeds. Both methods work well.
Soil preparation and care for the young plants
Artichokes need a nutrient-rich soil. So work in fresh compost before inserting it and always ensure there is sufficient moisture. It is best to chop the soil occasionally, because then it remains loose. Water regularly, too, and use a little nettle liquid from time to time (instructions here) as a natural fertilizer.
Multiply artichokes by sowing
❶ After flowering, large seeds with a length of up to seven millimeters form. Keep these seeds dry, cool and dark until sowing. Alternatively, you can buy seeds.
❷ You can then start sowing from February. For this you have to put the seeds in warm water for a few hours and then put them in pots with growing soil. Always three to four pieces per pot.
❸ Now place the pots in a bright, moderately warm place and always keep the substrate slightly damp. A temperature between 18 and 22 degrees is favorable. The first shoots appear after about three weeks.
❹ Depending on how quickly the young plants develop, you may have to repot them. Then slowly get used to the plants being outdoors by placing the pots in the fresh air again and again in good weather. After the ice saints, put the young artichokes in the garden. The planting distance is around 80 centimeters.
From April you can also sow the seeds directly outdoors, preferably in the warm cold frame. Then there will be a harvest only next year.
Multiply artichokes by division
❶ In addition to the root of the mother plant, shoots sprout. You must separate these parts of the plant in spring. To do this, lift the entire plant from the ground using a digging fork. Make sure that the sections already have strong roots and at least two shoots with leaves. The cut must be as smooth and straight as possible.
❷ For the new plant to develop well, you should shorten the top leaves by about a quarter.
❸ You should then reinsert the divided pieces at the same depth as the mother plant, but to a new location. The old soil is usually used up and has to be regenerated again. Again, the distance between the plants is 80 centimeters. Recommended reading: Planting artichokes - explained step by step.